Recruitment and training



United States Information Agency.  USIA

In the application for an appointment with the United States Information Agency I had to write my reasons for desiring an appointment with them.  Here is what I wrote back in 1961:

“I am an idealist.  I believe in the future of America and in the future of mankind.  Being a realist, though, gives me cause to analyze just how is America and all mankind going to attain a state of peace and progress.  It is part of my personal philosophy that one of the prime causes of conflict and tension in personal as well as world affairs is lack of knowledge.  In the classroom I constantly try to convey to my students concepts regarding the basic sameness of mankind in all parts of the world.  Using more recent history I try to show how men are striving, in their own desperate ways, for things that many of us take for granted in America.  I stress the equality of men and dignity of man, the need for an attitude of helpful brotherhood rather than haughty superiority.

“For several years I have been working with American students, helping them to understand the other parts of the world and people different than themselves.  I would very much like to try to work with the other side of the program, namely attempt to aid persons of another land to understand the United States, what is is and hopes to be.  It is with this thought that helping to develop an informed opinion of America by non-Americans will be a contribution in the right direction toward securing the peace and understanding that I seek an appointment with your organization.”

The application form also asked about background and experience in international activities.  This is my response:

“Upon completion of high school I bought a bicycle and headed for Panama.  I spent many months hiking and camping with various Boy Scout groups in Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama.  In Panama I obtained employment with the Inter-American Geodetic Survey and worked for them some nine months in Panama and six months in Guatemala, surveying some of the less accessible areas of those countries.  Subsequent to this job I went to Europe as a tourist, going from one Youth Hostel to another engaging in conversations with youth of the world.  It was this experience that brought home to me what America was and what it stood for.  In the Army I studied Chinese, a study which I pursued again at the University of California at Berkeley.  On return home from Korea I was very much internationally oriented.

“At Monterey Peninsula College I held the following posts or organized the following activities:

1..President of the International Relations Club

2. Organized a semi-monthly speaker series at noon with guests from other countries, often taping faculty at the Army Language School in Monterey.

3. Organized a monthly seminar at faculty homes with a distinguished guest such as a visiting foreign service officer to discuss world affairs.

4. Organized a peninsula wide orphanage aid drive wherein we obtained 10 tons of goods in ten days for the orphanages of Korea.

5.  Organized a “Pipeline to Korea” to crate, transport, store, ship and deliver the above mentioned goods to Korea.

6.  Organized many social activities for the many visiting foreign students on the peninsula.

7. Co-chaired the Student World Affairs Conference for college students at Asilomar conference center in Pacific Grove.


While a student at the University of California at Berkeley I engaged in the following:

1. Participated in the American Friends Service Committee International Student Seminar for a month at Moran State Park on Orcas Island in Washington State.  Students from 18 countries lived and studied together under camp conditions and discussed the role of the individual in determining the international policies of their countries.

2.  President of the Student World Affairs Council of Northern California.

3.  Organized, with Roger Mastrude, Director of the Western Regional Office of the Foreign Policy Association a summer activity in Mexico for international relations students.

4. Helped organize and administer the Student World Affairs Conference held on the Berkeley campus of the Univ. of California.  More than 200 students from all over the state participated.

5.  I was an active member of the Delta Phi Epsilon professional national foreign service fraternity.

6.  When in Mexico in August of 1956 I laid the groundwork for a program of a winter holiday teacher visitation to the U.S.  That was my sixth visit to Mexico in eight years.

7. Pursued my studies as an undergraduate and graduate student in social sciences.  I specialized in Mexico and the Orient, studying their history and culture.  Most of my graduate work was done under sinologists.  My M.A. thesis committee were all noted sinologists.”